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The Three Arches of the Foot

Tuesday, 21 September 2021 00:00

Did you know that there are actually three arches in the foot? The medial longitudinal or inner arch is the one that you may be most familiar with. This is the arch that is found along the center sole of the foot. It is primarily supported by the plantar fascia and is the arch that is absent or invisible during weight bearing in people who have flat feet. The lateral longitudinal or outer arch is located along the outside of each foot. Its proper function depends on the alignment of the cuboid bone inside the midfoot. The transverse or metatarsal arch runs across the top part of the foot near the toe area. All three arches are important for proper foot function. If you are experiencing any foot pain, a podiatrist can closely examine your feet, including your arches, to diagnose the problem and find the right treatment for you. 

If you have any concerns about your feet, contact Bruce Smit, DPM from Frankfort Foot & Ankle Clinic. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Biomechanics in Podiatry

Podiatric biomechanics is a particular sector of specialty podiatry with licensed practitioners who are trained to diagnose and treat conditions affecting the foot, ankle and lower leg. Biomechanics deals with the forces that act against the body, causing an interference with the biological structures. It focuses on the movement of the ankle, the foot and the forces that interact with them.

A History of Biomechanics

  • Biomechanics dates back to the BC era in Egypt where evidence of professional foot care has been recorded.
  • In 1974, biomechanics gained a higher profile from the studies of Merton Root, who claimed that by changing or controlling the forces between the ankle and the foot, corrections or conditions could be implemented to gain strength and coordination in the area.

Modern technological improvements are based on past theories and therapeutic processes that provide a better understanding of podiatric concepts for biomechanics. Computers can provide accurate information about the forces and patterns of the feet and lower legs.

Understanding biomechanics of the feet can help improve and eliminate pain, stopping further stress to the foot.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Frankfort, IL . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about The Importance of Biomechanics in Podiatry
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