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July 2024

Tuesday, 09 July 2024 00:00

Newborn Feet

Newborn foot care is essential for ensuring proper development and identifying any abnormalities early. Immediately after birth, a thorough examination of the newborn's feet is conducted by healthcare professionals. This examination includes assessing the shape, size, and position of the feet and checking for movement, reflexes, and the presence of any deformities. Common abnormalities detected during this examination include clubfoot, where the foot is twisted out of shape or position, and flexible flatfoot, where the arch of the foot is not developed. Early detection allows for prompt intervention, which may include stretching exercises, casting, or, in severe cases, surgical correction. Proper foot care, including keeping the feet clean and dry, avoiding tight footwear, and monitoring for any changes, is essential for newborns. If you have any concerns about your newborn’s foot health, it is suggested that you schedule an appointment with a podiatrist to discuss appropriate care and treatment options.

Making sure that your children maintain good foot health is very important as they grow. If you have any questions, contact Bruce Smit, DPM of Frankfort Foot & Ankle Clinic. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Keeping Children's Feet Healthy

Having healthy feet during childhood can help prevent medical problems later in life, namely in the back and legs. As children grow, their feet require different types of care. Here are some things to consider...

Although babies do not walk yet, it is still very important to take care of their feet.

Avoid putting tight shoes or socks on his or her feet.

Allow the baby to stretch and kick his or her feet to feel comfortable.

As a toddler, kids are now on the move and begin to develop differently. At this age, toddlers are getting a feel for walking, so don’t be alarmed if your toddler is unsteady or ‘walks funny’. 

As your child gets older, it is important to teach them how to take care of their feet.

Show them proper hygiene to prevent infections such as fungus.

Be watchful for any pain or injury.

Have all injuries checked by a doctor as soon as possible.

Comfortable, protective shoes should always be worn, especially at play.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Frankfort, IL . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about What to Do to Keep Your Child’s Feet Healthy
Published in Blog
Tuesday, 02 July 2024 00:00

Causes of Pain in the Big Toe Joint

Big toe pain frequently affects the metatarsophalangeal, or MTP, joint. One common cause of big toe pain is biomechanical issues, where improper alignment of bones, ligaments, and tendons leads to increased pressure on the joint. This misalignment may be due to poor posture or wearing ill-fitting shoes. It can shift weight distribution and result in inflammation and cartilage damage. Conditions like bunions and turf toe exemplify biomechanical problems. Bunions occur when the big toe pushes against the second toe creating a bump on the side of the foot. Turf toe is an injury from overextending the big toe by pushing off it with force, common among athletes. Another significant cause of MTP joint pain is arthritis, including gout, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and psoriatic arthritis. Gout is caused by uric acid crystals accumulating in the joint, leading to flare-ups of intense pain. Osteoarthritis involves cartilage breakdown that causes bones to grind together. Rheumatoid arthritis and psoriatic arthritis are autoimmune conditions that result in joint inflammation. Risk factors for MTP joint pain can include chronic inflammatory conditions, poor footwear choices, and abnormal foot positioning. If you are experiencing joint pain in the big toe, it is suggested that you schedule an appointment with a podiatrist for an exam and treatment options.

Toe pain can disrupt your daily activities. If you have any concerns, contact Bruce Smit, DPM of Frankfort Foot & Ankle Clinic. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Causes Toe Pain?

Most severe toe pain is caused due to a sports injury, trauma from dropping something heavy on the toe, or bumping into something rigid. Other problems can develop over time for various reasons.

Toe pain can be caused by one or more ailments. The most common include:

  • Trauma
  • Sports injury
  • Wearing shoes that are too tight
  • Arthritis
  • Gout
  • Corns and calluses
  • Hammertoe
  • Bunions
  • Blisters
  • Ingrown toenails
  • Sprains
  • Fractures (broken bones)
  • Dislocations

When to See a Podiatrist

  • Severe pain
  • Persistent pain that lasts more than a week
  • Signs of infection
  • Continued swelling
  • Pain that prevents walking


In many cases the cause of toe pain is obvious, but in others, a podiatrist may want to use more advanced methods to determine the problem. These can range from simple visual inspections and sensation tests to X-rays and MRI scans. Prior medical history, family medical history, and any recent physical traumatic events will all be taken into consideration for a proper diagnosis.


Treatments for toe pain and injuries vary and may include shoe inserts, padding, taping, medicines, injections, and in some cases, surgery. If you believe that you have broken a toe, please see a podiatrist as soon as possible.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Frankfort, IL . We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Toe Pain
Published in Blog
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